and persistent antisocial behavior (substance abuse, delinquency, violence, teen
pregnancy, and school dropout).
who are aggressive in grades K-3 or who have trouble controlling their impulses
are at higher risk for substance abuse, delinquency, and violent behavior (Loeber,
1988; Lerner and Vicary, 1984; American Psychological Association, 1993). When a
boy's aggressive behavior in the early grades is combined with isolation,
withdrawal, or hyperactivity, there is an even greater risk of problems in
adolescence (Kellam and Brown, 1982).
failure beginning in late elementary school (substance abuse, delinquency,
violence, teenage pregnancy, and school dropout). Beginning in the late
elementary grades, academic failure increases the risk of drug abuse,
delinquency, violence, teen pregnancy, and school dropout. Children fail for
many reasons, but it appears that the experience of failure itself, not
necessarily a lack of ability, increases the risk of problem behaviors (Jessor,
1976; Farrington, 1991).
of commitment to school (substance abuse, delinquency, teenage pregnancy, and
school dropout). Children who are not committed to school have ceased to see the
role of student as a viable part of their lives and are at higher risk for
problem behaviors. (Gottfredson, 1988; Johnston, 1991).
Please send all comments regarding this website to WebMaster.