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School Risk Factors
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Early and persistent antisocial behavior (substance abuse, delinquency, violence, teen pregnancy, and school dropout).

Boys who are aggressive in grades K-3 or who have trouble controlling their impulses are at higher risk for substance abuse, delinquency, and violent behavior (Loeber, 1988; Lerner and Vicary, 1984; American Psychological Association, 1993). When a boy's aggressive behavior in the early grades is combined with isolation, withdrawal, or hyperactivity, there is an even greater risk of problems in adolescence (Kellam and Brown, 1982).

Academic failure beginning in late elementary school (substance abuse, delinquency, violence, teenage pregnancy, and school dropout). Beginning in the late elementary grades, academic failure increases the risk of drug abuse, delinquency, violence, teen pregnancy, and school dropout. Children fail for many reasons, but it appears that the experience of failure itself, not necessarily a lack of ability, increases the risk of problem behaviors (Jessor, 1976; Farrington, 1991).

Lack of commitment to school (substance abuse, delinquency, teenage pregnancy, and school dropout). Children who are not committed to school have ceased to see the role of student as a viable part of their lives and are at higher risk for problem behaviors. (Gottfredson, 1988; Johnston, 1991).

 


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